Australia’s Major banks: From Turnaround to Transformation
Australia’s big four banks (the Majors) have seen a turnaround from last year, as the economy entered a new phase of its COVID-19 pandemic response. After the Majors played a significant role in supporting Australia’s recovery in 2020, they benefited from the country’s improved economic performance in 2021. But now they need to turn their attention to transformation as they look to their future performance.
KPMG’s Major Australian Banks Full Year Analysis Report 2021 shows the Majors reported a combined cash profit after tax from continuing operations of $26.8 billion in the last financial year, up 54.7 percent on FY20, but down 2.3 percent on FY19.
However, the underlying performance trajectory is less turbulent than the headline numbers suggest.
Writebacks of collective provisions of $1.7 billion this year, compared to large collective impairment charges totalling $6.9 billion in 2020 in response to COVID-19, have had a big impact on the shape of the Majors’ profit results. Total operating income (on a cash basis) was up 0.1 percent on 2020 and down 1.5 percent on 2019. This almost flat revenue picture is more consistent with the single-digit percentage decline of cash profits between 2019 and 2021.
In 2021, the banks shifted their focus from economic support to recovery.
The most recent results show they will be moving forward with reinforced balance sheets. While the Majors have resumed more generous dividend payments, they continue to retain profits and proceeds from simplification divestments to further raise their CET1 ratio by 131 basis points to an “unquestionably strong” 12.7 percent. They have also managed to raise their capital levels while collectively buying back $13.5 billion worth of their own shares.
On the flip side, costs remain stubborn. Even though the Majors remain committed to their long-term cost efficiency targets, they have been unable to structurally reduce costs in 2021. Excluding notable items, total operating costs increased by 3.6 per cent to $38.2 billion. This is due to several factors including regulatory compliance requirements, ongoing customer remediation and increased processing volumes that have resulted in strong FTE growth across all the Majors.
Having stabilised themselves from the initial impacts of the pandemic, Australia’s banks now arrive at a new transition point. In 2022, they will need to start delivering on their transformation programs and positioning for a future that will be very different to the past. 2021 saw growth across both housing (up 5.2 percent on 2020) and non-housing lending (up 1 percent on 2020). Much of this growth has been the result of strong increases in house prices and underlying economic recovery. It is unclear if these trends will continue, especially if interest rates are raised in the 2022 financial year.
To successfully transition to post-pandemic performance, the Majors will need to lower their operating costs while continuing to invest in growth. The transformation imperativeincludes a revenue challenge. The Majors are all looking at new ways to create value that will better serve their customer needs while opening up new revenue opportunities. It will be a delicate balancing act, one that will require the banks to re-think and transform their operations while genuinely innovating around their business models.
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